Celtic-Anglo-Saxons – Where they came from

Verspreid de liefde

(Note these are for those who already understand such topics as

110 Marks of Israel, Bible References Identifying the Difference Between True Israel (Saxon Christendom) and False (Idumea, a people of God’s curse)


From the book: In Search of... The Origin of Nations

by Craig White

Obtainable from Amazon.com


In chapter eleven proofs were offered for the Northern European
descent from Arphaxad, but little was mentioned specifically
about the Scandinavians, Northern French, Northern Belgians,
Holland, Anglo-Saxons and both British and Irish Kelts, my
preference being to leave any mention to the final chapter.
Anthropologically these people belong to the exact same genetic
composition and racial type as the other descendants of Arphaxad,
but which one exactly? All agree that these have inherited the
most productive lands on earth, have the highest standards of
living and blessings far surpassing other nations. Their
achievements have been a source of tremendous service to other
nations. Why is this so?


* From whom the peoples of North-western Europe descend
* Where the 'lost' tribes of Israel are located today
* Why the British Empire was successful and dominated the world
* The future destiny of the British peoples

Given that we have been able to trace the various nations
descended from Arphaxad and Abraham with the exception of Israel,
is there a connection between these Northern European peoples and

Whilst a fine chapter could be presented on how many Older
Testament prophecies are or will be fulfilled by the Church, the
concentration of this paper is on physical Israel. For the
physical fulfilment of these prophecies are for Israel although
in a typological sense may also apply to the Church.

What is Israel's origin?

In chapter eleven we saw that Shem fathered Arphaxad, the
light-bringer. From Arphaxad we are told that he had a son name
Salah, followed by Eber, Peleg, Reu, Serug, Nahor, Terah and then
Abram. This is the line that God has worked with both
spiritually/religiously and physically/racially.
It is a line extending back to Seth - God's covenant people - a
people, for whatever reason, He chose to covenant with.
Protestant commentators in the mid-nineteenth century through to
the early twentieth, wrote of a 'righteous line' from Noah, Shem,
Arphaxad, down to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob (Israel). God chose
to work through these people due to certain attributes He
instilled within them. As with Arphaxad, so with Israel. As
Arphaxad's descendants represent the first wave of peoples God
used around the earth in regions such as Peru, Southern Europe,
the Middle East, central Asia, the Pacific and so on, so Israel,
as we shall see, represents the second wave. In effect, Israel
followed in the footsteps of Arphaxad. In other words, Arphaxad's
descendants were proto-Israelites; and Israelites were

Arphaxad generated many children, of which the Bible only tells
us about Salah. History attests to his other children forming
ruling classes all over the world as we saw in chapter 11. Many
of his descendants fell into apostasy both ethnically and
religiously, and began to disappear as a distinct people in
central Asia, parts of southern Asia, Polynesia, Peru, southern
Europe etc. Having disappeared from history, they left behind
traditions and remnants of mighty empires and some physical
biological evidence (apostasy is both physical and spiritual).
God started His plan in a small way, like the grain of a mustard
seed. Prior to Noah's Flood, there were just a handful of people
he worked with. After the Flood, through Noah, Shem, Arphaxad and
others, this number gradually grew through Israel who were
physically called to a physical salvation and blessings. Amongst
them were people with the Spirit of God within them. Later, this
spiritual dimension grew when the New Testament Church was raised
up and continues to this day. More will be called in the
Millennium - so God is starting small and working up to call all
of mankind, through Israel.

Scriptures such as Is 42:1; 45:4; 65:9 demonstrate how important
Israel is to God's Plan - here she is called His "elect". In the
Newer Testament we are told that "unless those days should be
shortened, no flesh would be saved. But for the elect's sake,
those days shall be shortened." (Matt 24:22) And this was prior
to the formation of the Church. Whilst the Church is spiritual
Israel and is also called the elect in places such as Col 3:12
etc, this does not mean that Israel is no longer His elect which
replacement theology attempts to teach. Therefore, because of the
elect (both physical and spiritual Israel), God will intervene in
world affairs to ensure that life is not wiped off the face of
this planet.

We must seek and find the people of Israel today. Finding who
they are will open our minds to prophecy, how God operates and is
undoubtedly the key to understanding world history.

Why did God call Israel to great blessings?

The question is answered in the following scriptures:

Deu 7:7 Jehovah did not set His love upon you, nor choose you,
because you were more in number than any people, for you were the
fewest of all people.
Deu 7:8 But because Jehovah loved you, and because He would keep
the oath which He had sworn to your fathers, Jehovah has brought
you out with a mighty hand and redeemed you out of the house of
slaves, from the hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt.
Deu 7:9 Therefore, know that Jehovah your God, He is God, the
faithful God who keeps covenant and mercy with them that love Him
and keep His commandments, to a thousand generations.

God was using a nation which was small in number, yet with
excellent capacities, to confound the other nations. There is
nothing here to suggest that they were inferior which some
speculate to be the case. Rather, they possessed attributes
inherited from Arphaxad, their forefather, which gave them a
capacity to rule, be inventive and be sober and law-abiding more
so than others.

Following on from Arphaxad, ethnically and religiously, Israel
was to be a special people before God and to thereby bring light,
truth and righteousness to the world. In Ex 19:5-6; Deut 28:1; Is
42:6; 43:1, 10-12, 21; 60:3; 61:6; 62:1-7 they are portrayed as
God's witness.

From the aforementioned scriptures the Israelites were to
function as God's representatives on earth, to administer it
under Him. Following I offer some scriptures as further evidence
of Israel's role under God:

Exo 19:5 And now if you will obey My voice indeed, and keep My
covenant, then you shall be a peculiar treasure to Me above all
the nations; for all the earth is Mine.
Exo 19:6 And you shall be to Me a kingdom of priests and a holy
nation. These are the words which you shall speak to the sons of
Den 7:6 For you are a holy people to Jehovah your God. Jehovah
your God has chosen you to be a special people to Himself above
all people that are upon the face of the earth.
Den 28:1 And it will be, if you shall listen carefully to the
voice of Jehovah your God, to observe and to do all His
commandments which I command you today, Jehovah your God will set
you on high above all nations of the earth.
Deu 32:9 For Jehovah's portion is His people. Jacob is the lot of
His inheritance.
Deu 32:10 He found him in a desert land, and in the deserted,
howling wilderness. He led him about, He cared for him, He kept
him as the pupil of His eye.
Psa 50:2 Out of Zion, the perfection of beauty, God has shone.
Isa 42:6 I Jehovah have called You in righteousness, and will
hold Your hand, and will keep You, and give You for a covenant of
the people, for a Light of the nations;
Isa 43:20 The beasts of the field shall honor Me, the jackals and
the ostriches; because I give waters in the wilderness, rivers in
the desert, to give drink to My people, My chosen.
Isa 43:21 This people that I formed for Myself; they shall
declare My praise.
Isa 45:11 So says Jehovah, the Holy One of Israel, and the One
who formed him, Do you ask Me of things to come? Do you give
command to Me about My sons, and about the work of My hands?
Isa 49:3 and said to Me, You are My servant, O Israel, in whom I
will be glorified.
Isa 61:6 But you will be named the priests of Jehovah; it will be
said of you, Ministers of our God; you will eat the riches of the
nations, and you will revel in their glory.
Isa 62:1  For Zion's sake I will not be silent, and for
Jerusalem's sake I will not rest, until its righteousness goes
out as brightness, and her salvation as a burning lamp.
Jer 13:11 For as the girdle holds fast to the loins of a man, so
I have caused the whole house of Israel and the whole house of
Judah to cling to Me, says Jehovah; so that they might be to Me
for a people, and for a name, and for a praise, and for a glory;
but they would not hear.
Jer 51:19 The Portion of Jacob is not like them; for He is the
Former of all things, and Israel is the rod of His inheritance.
Jehovah of Hosts is His name.
Jer 51:20 You are My war-club and weapons of war; for with you I
will shatter nations; and with you I will destroy kingdoms. [cp
Rev 2:26-27]
Jer 51:21 And with you I will shatter the horse and his rider;
and with you I will shatter the chariot and his rider.

Here are people given a great mission by God Almighty. 2294
Israel was to be God's inheritance, a light, God's servant, a
glory, God's weapon of war, a kingdom of priests and kings, the
work of God's hands etc. Notice that Israel was also the apple or
pupil of God's eye.
Bullinger in the Companion Bible explains: "First occurrence of
Heb. 'ishon,' used of the small round dark pupil of the eye. Heb.
= hole, gate, or door of the eye ... called 'pupil' [in English]
= a little girl." See also references to this in Ps 17:8 and Zech

2294 See Kaiser's work "Mission in the Old Testament: Israel as a
Light to the Nations."

The historical background to the concept of being the 'pupil of
God's eye' is fascinating. In ancient Egypt the Sun god, Aten is
said to be the pupil of the eye and the texts reveal that the god
"dwells in the Eye".

Mal 4:1 For behold, the day is coming, burning like a fire pot;
and all the proud, and every doer of wickedness, shall be chaff.
And the coming day will set them ablaze, says Jehovah of Hosts,
which will not leave root or branches to them.
Mal 4:2 But to you who fear My name, the Sun of Righteousness
shall arise, and healing will be on His wings. And you shall go
out and frisk like calves of the stall.

The goddess was also called 'eye of Ra' which represented an orb
- the entire world. The unborn hero of the sun god was also known
as the 'pupil'. This is the context of God's love for Israel - it
is so intense and demonstrates God's great interest in Israel
like a father for a son or a husband toward his wife. Therefore
the truth about Israel is extremely important and is not some
little thing - because it is important to God.

Additionally, Israel is regarded as having been generated by God
Himself! In Ps 48:2 Israel is referred to as the "sides of the
north". The word sides (Strong's #3411) is the feminine of a
related Hebrew word (Strong's #3409) which is a euphemism for
"the generative parts; ... x body, loins, shaft, side, thigh."
From this we can see that God sees Himself as the Father of
Israelites who are His offspring or children (cp Jer 1:15; Song
of Solomon 8:5; Rom 8:29).

Israel was also God's bride and wife and He the husband according
to Ex 19; 20; Jer 3:14; Ex 16; Jer 31:32. For God to court and
choose as wife one of the nations, tells us something about the
people He chose. Other relevant scriptures are listed in the
endnotes 2295.

2295 See Deut 9:5; 4:33,37; Ps 44:1-3; 47:4; I Chron 17:20-21.

Deu 7:12 And it shall be, because you listen to these judgments
and keep and do them, Jehovah your God shall keep to you the
covenant and the mercy which He swore to your fathers.
Deu 7:13 And He will love you and bless you and multiply you. He
will also bless the fruit of your womb, and the fruit of your
land, your grain, and your wine, and your oil, the increase of
your cattle, and the flocks of your sheep, in the land which He
swore to your fathers to give you.
Deu 7:14 You shall be blessed above all people. There shall not
be male or female barren among you or among your cattle.
Deu 7:15 And Jehovah will take away from you all sickness, and
will put none of the evil diseases of Egypt which you know upon
you. But He will lay them upon all who hate you.
Deu 7:16 And you shall destroy all the people which Jehovah your
God shall deliver you. Your eye shall have no pity upon them,
neither shall you serve their gods, for they will be a snare to
Isa 62:2 And the nations will see your righteousness, and all
kings your glory; and you will be called by a new name, which the
mouth of Jehovah will name.
Isa 62:3 You also will be a crown of glory in the hand of
Jehovah, and a royal diadem in the hand of your God.
Isa 62:4 You will no more be called Forsaken; nor will your land
any more be called Desolate; but you will be called My Delight is
in her, and your land, Married; for Jehovah delights in you, and
your land is married. Isa 62:5 For as a young man marries a
virgin, so will your sons marry you; and as the bridegroom
rejoices over the bride, so will your God rejoice over you.
Isa 62:6 I have set watchmen on your walls, O Jerusalem, who will
not always be silent all the day nor all the night; you who
remember Jehovah, do not be silent.
Isa 62:7 And give Him no rest until He establishes and makes
Jerusalem a praise in the earth.

From the above we see that Israel has the primacy, and will enjoy
this privilege again during the Millennium. In a sense Israel is
the firstborn amongst the nations and therefore inherits the
physical birthright of the world. Almost unbelievable blessings
were offered Israel in Gen 29; 30; 49; Lev 26; Num 23; 24; Deut
7; 8; 28; 33; Jud 5.2296

Recall how Assur was not chosen to inherit the birthright, but
the line of Arphaxad instead. How close the Germans had come to
winning World War One and World War Two. And to having the Atomic
bomb within their grasp during the last World War.

What of the legend that the United States voted on an official
language a long time ago that could have made German the official
language of the United States, delivering the nation to
domination by Germans? The story goes that it all came down to
the final vote: English won by a single vote because one
German-favouring member of the legislature was absent.

This is not quite true and may be labelled an 'urban legend' -
having a germ of truth, but much has been added to the story. The
US Congress never considered, at any time, replacing English with
German. What happened was that on 13 January 1795, Congress
merely considered a proposal to print the federal laws in German
as well as in English. During the debate, a motion to adjourn
failed by one vote (42-41). Apparently the motion to adjourn was
taken by Congress to mean that the House had indicated no
confidence in the recommendation by a committee.
A month later, on 16 February, Congress again considered the
issue and the House approved publication of federal laws in the
English language only. In March the Senate approved the bill and
it was signed into law by President Washington.

Whilst the urban legend is an exaggerated account of what
actually occurred, it does serve to demonstrate that the German
element was quite strong in early America and that if federal
laws were translated into both English and German, this may have
led to a later, more serious attempt to make German the official
language. We shall never know in this life.
But, if this did occur, then world history would have taken a
dramatically different course with utterly horrific consequences.

Whatever the case, God gave the birthright promises which
included the abundance of North America to the children of
Israel, descendants of Arphaxad, not the children of Assur.
In previous chapters we saw the following birthright issues:


2296 Some assert that Israel is seldom mentioned in the New
Testament and is not important to God anymore. However, Israel is
referred to in many places - just pick up a Strong's Concordance
and see for yourself. Israel is also referred to in Matt 10:6;
James 1:1; Rev 7; 12; 21. Her tribulation is also referred to in
Matt 24; Mark 13; Luke 21; Rev 18.
However, Israel is mentioned seldom in Job and Proverbs for
instance - yet both are books of the Older Testament. Mentioning
or not mentioning and the amount of mention has no bearing on the
Plan of God. After all, the New Testament enriches the Old and
builds upon its foundation, it does not replace the Older
Testament. Whilst many do not say that it is replaced, by their
theological positions, this is what they are saying in effect.
Notice two key New Testament scriptures:

Mat 10:5 Jesus sent out these twelve, commanding them, saying, Do
not go into the way of the nations, and do not enter into any
city of the Samaritans.
Mat 10:6 But rather go to the lost sheep of the house of Israel.
Jam 1:1 James, a servant of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ, to
the twelve tribes in the Dispersion, greeting.

* Shem inherited the birthright instead of Japheth
* Arphaxad instead of Assur
* Isaac instead of Ishmael and Keturah's descendants 
* Jacob instead of Edom

This birthright involved God covenanting with Israel so that they
became His sons. He would shower incredible blessings upon them
and grant them potential and capacities above all other peoples -
yet it was not something they deserved, it was His privilege and
pleasure to do so. They in turn were to obey God, become a model
nation and serve the world.

The Sons of Israel (Jacob)

Joseph (fathered Ephraim and Benjamin Manasseh)

Where are the Covenant People of Israel today?

The scriptures are clear, the House of Israel and Judah will form
very important aspects of God's Kingdom. In the first century,
the term 'Kingdom of God' referred to the time of the Messiah
ruling from Jerusalem, gradually extending his Kingdom across the
earth, through and with Israel:

Act 1:6 They therefore, when they were come together, asked him,
saying, Lord, dost thou at this time restore the kingdom to

This demonstrates that it was clearly understood that the Kingdom
of God was to be restored to be administered, at least in part,
by Israel.

So where are these tribes located today? We must find them if we
are to understand God's Plan fully, prophecy and who will possess
global dominance and rulership in the Millennium.

The story can be traced clear back to Abraham, through whom God
established a single family, which He would choose for leadership
and service for all the various nations and tribes of the planet
(Abraham and both his physical and spiritual descendants were to
be "heir to the world" (Rom 4:13). Abraham begat Isaac who in
turn begat Jacob. God later called Jacob Israel which means
"overcomer" or "prevailer with God". Jacob begat 12 sons which
became the tribes of Israel. From that time forward, the Bible
concentrates on Israel as a special people that God is working
with throughout the Old Testament and into the New Testament. In
other words, they are the 'chosen people of God'.

In Exodus 19 God proposed marriage to the Israelites:

Exo 19:3 And Moses went up to God, and Jehovah called to him out
of the mountain, saying, You shall say to the house of Jacob, and
tell the sons of Israel:
Exo 19:4 You have seen what I did to the Egyptians, and I bore
you on eagles' wings and brought you to Myself.
Exo 19:5 And now if you will obey My voice indeed, and keep My
covenant, then you shall be a peculiar treasure to Me above all
the nations; for all the earth is Mine. [this implies world
servant leadership granted to Israel]
Exo 19:6 And you shall be to Me a kingdom of priests and a holy
nation. These are the words which you shall speak to the sons of
Exo 19:7 And Moses came and called for the elders of the people,
and laid before their faces all these words which Jehovah
commanded him.
Exo 19:8 And all the people answered together and said, All that
Jehovah has spoken we will do. And Moses returned the words of
the people to Jehovah.
Exo 19:9 And Jehovah said to Moses, Lo, I come to you in a thick
cloud, that the people may hear when I speak with you, and
believe you forever. And Moses told the words of the people to
Exo 19:10 And Jehovah said to Moses, Go to the people and
sanctify them today and tomorrow, and let them wash their

Israel accepted God's proposal and in the following chapter, the
Ten Commandments became their basic law to guide them through all
generations - a kind of Basic Law or Constitution - they agreed
to obey God, their Husband - this became the basis of their joint
Covenant. As such, they were the Covenant People - a people that
God had chosen from a line clear back to Arphaxad, Shem and Noah.
God dealing with Israel from the time of the forging of this
Covenant is recorded throughout the Old Testament and a summary
is not necessary here.

If, however, they proved unfaithful to God, and joined themselves
to foreign gods, then He had the right to separate from them and
send them into captivity.

Deu 8:7 For Jehovah your God brings you into a good land, a land
of brooks of water, of fountains and depths that spring out of
valleys and hills ...
Deu 8:11 Beware that you do not forget Jehovah your God, in not
keeping His commandments, and His judgments, and His statutes,
which I command you today ...
Deu 8:18 But you shall remember Jehovah your God, for it is He
who gives you power to get wealth, so that He may confirm His
covenant which He has sworn to your fathers, as it is today.
Deu 8:19 And it shall be if you do at all forget Jehovah your God
and walk after other gods and serve them and worship them, I
testify against you today that you shall surely perish.
Deu 8:20 As the nations whom Jehovah destroys before your face,
so you shall perish because you would not listen to the voice of
Jehovah your God.

This indeed occurred to Israel and later to Judah as recorded by
the prophets. Yet, Israel was promised great blessings which were
only partially fulfilled in ancient Palestine (eg Gen 49). Other
scriptures which list the immense blessings of Israel in the
end-time include: Lev 26; Deut 28; Numbers 23 & 24, Deuteronomy
33, Judges 5 and are explained in many excellent books listed at
the end of this chapter.

These prophecies of national greatness are promised specifically
for the last days (Gen 49:1) and were unconditional - God would
shower them upon Israel whether she obeyed Him or not. The wealth
enjoyed originally by Israel, and especially during the reign of
Solomon, typologically fulfilled Genesis 49.

For instance the patriarch, Abraham's descendants, were to become
so numerous to be like the dust of the earth (Gen 13:16), the
stars of heaven (Gen 15:5; 22:17) and the sand upon the seashore
(Gen 22:17; 28:14). He was destined to father large and
prosperous nations, above any others in world history.
The promises were partially fulfilled during the time of the
Kingdom of Israel where they are said to be the dust of the earth
(II Chron 1:9. See Deut 1:10), but the various promises in the
book of Genesis are to be more fully applied in the "last days"
(Gen 49:1). In other words, the early fulfilment were part of an
ongoing unfurling of proto-types, forerunners or patterns of
later fulfilments of these prophecies in these last days. The
entry of Israel into the Promised Land, successes of Israel and
especially King David and the splendour of Solomon are all
typological of Israel's rise to prominence in the last days and
the Millennium.

Dr Rick Sherrod explains this period of Israel's history very

"Solomon's reign brought a version of the very things which will
come in earnest under Christ's beneficent worldwide rule: peace
(I Kings 4:24-25, Isaiah 2:4, Micah 4:4), happiness and
prosperity (I Kings 4:20, 22-23, 10:14-23,27, Amos 9:13, Micah
4:4), wisdom and the availability of spiritual knowledge and
understanding (I Kings 4:29-34, 10:1,4,6-9, 2 Chronicles 1:12,
the Book of Proverbs, most of which is of Solomonic authorship,
and Isaiah 11:9), world renown (I Kings 4:21, 10:1,6,23-24, Ps.
72:8-11,19, Isaiah 2:3, Zechariah 9:10), and a massive program of
building and construction (I Kings 6:1, 7:1-2, Isaiah 58:12,
61:4, Ezekiel 36:10,33-36).

Students of the Solomonic period also describe it as an age of
intellectual revival and learning (see Lawrence Boadt, Reading
the Old Testament, p.477; James Pritchard, Solomon and Sheba, p.
30; and Andre Lemaire's essay in Ancient Israel edited by Hershel
Shanks, p.106)--something which will also be a major feature of
Christ's program to reeducate and elevate the newly subjugated
populations of the world (Zechariah 8:23, 14:16-19, Revelation
2:27). Indeed, the Solomonic age of glory is a biblical
forerunner of even greater fulfillments of the physical,
material, and national promise made to the descendants of
Abraham". 2297

In other words, Israel has only partially fulfilled its purpose
and role God has in mind for them - service and leadership to the
entire world. In "The Lost Tribes of Israel - Found!" by author,
Steven Collins, evidence was provided on Israel's colonies, in
many ways a miniature of the British Empire:

"Earlier Israelite nations and empires also fulfilled many of the
birthright promises to Abraham. The Phoenician/Israelite Empire
under King Solomon controlled Gibraltar, many land trade routes,
the Mediterranean Sea, the Atlantic Ocean and much of the Indian
Ocean. Carthage also controlled Gibraltar, the Western
Mediterranean, and the Atlantic sea routes to North America."

Eugene Miller, author of "Kingdom of Priests: A History of Old
Testament Israel" notes that even the successes of David, a man
"after God's heart", was, in many ways, quite fragile (and as
such, could not fulfil the prophecies):

2297 Sherrod 1997: 28 
2298 Collins 1995:390

"Once a modicum of unity had been achieved, David was able to
centralize government in Jerusalem without sacrificing local
tribal distinctions and interests. At best, however, this was a
loose federation, for up till the last years of his life David
had to struggle with the tendency toward fragmentation,
especially between Judah and the north... The success of his
early wars... attests to his ability to organize the nation, at
least on a temporary basis... By the time of David's death... the
old tribal distinctions still existed, but with David there had
come at least a sense of national unity in both secular and
spiritual affairs. The United Monarchy disintegrated within one
generation following David's death. That breakup testifies to the
tentative character of this union". 2299

In other words, the complete fulfilment is obviously yet future.
Israel's breakup and subsequent captivity by the hand of Assyria
is recorded in IlKings 17:18: "Therefore the Lord was very angry
with Israel, and removed them out of his sight: There was none
left but the tribe of Judah only". Later, the tribe of Judah was
taken into captivity by the Babylonians (II Chron 36:17-20).
God had warned that He would "scatter them into corners ... [and]
make the remembrance of them to cease from among men" (Deut
32:26). Indeed they have been forgotten and lost view of by most
people. Hence they are called, even to this day, the "lost tribes
of Israel".

The prophet Amos wrote that Joseph, son of Israel, would be
scattered, but still within the view of God - the God Who
covenanted with Abraham and who still would guide them to their
new homelands. Indeed, Amos said that God would sift Israel
through the nations and as such they would not be destroyed as a
distinct people. (Amos 9:8-9)

Where did Israel find herself after her captivity by her Assyrian
captors? Extra-Biblical sources tell us that Israel consisted of
a large nation beyond the Euphrates:

"the entire body of the people of Israel remained in that country
[to which the Assyrians deported them]; wherefore there are but
two tribes in Asia and Europe subject to the Romans, while the 10
tribes are beyond Euphrates till now, and are an immense
multitude, and not to be estimated by numbers" (Antiquities of
the Jews, by Josephus, Book 11, Chapter V, Section 2).

It may be assumed that Josephus' account represents common
knowledge for his day. The Apocryphal Book of Esdras contains the
following account:

"Then you saw him collecting a different company, a peaceful one.
They are the 10 tribes which were taken off into exile in the
time of King Hoshea, whom Shalmaneser king of Assyria took
prisoner. He deported them beyond the [Euphrates] River, and they
were taken away into a strange country. But then they resolved to
leave the country populated by the Gentiles and go to a distant
land ... As they passed through the narrow passages of the
Euphrates, the Most High performed miracles for them, stopping up
the channels of the river until they had crossed over. Their
journey through that region, which is called Arzareth, was long,
and took a year and a half. They have lived there ever since,
until this final age. Now they are on their

2299 Merrill 1987:281-284

way back, and once more the Most High will stop the channels of
the river [Isaiah 27:6,12-13] to let them cross" (2 Esdras

This fits with the Biblical account of the Assyrian expulsion of
Israelites to Halah and Habor near the Gozan river and the cities
of the Medes (II Kings 17:6; 18:11). This was south of the
Caspian Sea and striking distance to the Caucasus which has an
important pass bearing the name of "gates of Israel". Here many
Israelite tribes moved into the Russia steppes while other tribes
moved in the opposite direction around the Caspian Sea into
central Asia. They were found among the Scythian nations and also
the Cimmerians (you will recall from an earlier chapter that
several nations were known as Scythians and Cimmerians - but the
original peoples under these names were Israelites as will
shortly be demonstrated).

Prominent Danish linguist, respected in her field, Anne
Kristensen in her work "Who were the Cimmerians, and Where did
they come from?: Sargon II, the Cimmerians, and Rusa I," argues
for identifying them with the Israelites, admitting that at first
she was dubious with this find. This appears to be a unique
position amongst scholars.

"There is scarcely reason, any longer, to doubt the exciting and
verily astonishing assertion propounded by the students of the
Ten Tribes that the Israelites deported from Bit Humria, of the
House of 'Omri,' are identical with the Gimirraja of the Assyrian
sources. Everything indicates that Israelite deportees did not
vanish from the picture but that, abroad, under new conditions,
they continued to leave their mark on history." 2300...........



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